Ever since the Peabody Essex Museum revealed in December of 2017 that the Phillips Library collection would not be returning to its home in Salem, the two historic buildings that housed the collection until 2011 have been a recurring topic of public and private conversation in Salem.
The Daland House was built in 1851 as a residence for wealthy Salem merchant John Tucker Daland. The Daland family lived there until 1885, when the house was acquired by the Essex Institute. Plummer Hall was built in 1857 for the Salem Athenaeum and was purchased by the Essex Institute in 1906 when the Athenaeum moved to its current home on Essex Street. In 1907, the Essex Institute built a connector between Plummer Hall and Daland House. Plummer Hall became home to Essex Institute museum galleries and administrative offices, and Daland housed the James Duncan Phillips Research Library. In 1992, the Essex Institute merged with the Peabody Museum to become the Peabody Essex Museum, but Plummer and Daland retained the Phillips Library collection until that collection was removed to Peabody in 2011, pending renovations to the buildings.
At the last Salem Historical Commission meeting, it came to the attention of everyone present that Plummer Hall and Daland House, along with the Gardner-Pingree House (1804-05), the Crowninshield-Bentley House (1727), the Andrew-Safford House (1818-19), the John Ward House (1684), the Lye-Tapley Shoe Shop (1830), and the Quaker Meeting House (with framing from Salem’s first Quaker meetinghouse, c. 1688), all currently owned by the Peabody Essex Museum, actually constitute a state and nationally designated historic district. The Essex Institute Historic District was listed as a National Register District in June of 1972 and as a Massachusetts Historic Landmark in July of 1972.
Historic Salem supports the Salem Historical Commission’s recommendation to the PEM to treat any changes to the area more holistically.
Are you wondering what will be built in that now empty lot on Washington Street, across the street from the Post Office?
It is a big project that will really define what that part of downtown Salem looks like. The project is in the Salem Redevelopment Authority boundary, which means that the project must be reviewed by the Design Review Board. Three years ago the project went through an intense round of design review. We recall that the project went through at least four meetings where the Board would give feedback and the architect and developer would return the following month with changes. The design that was finally approved is appropriately contemporary. There is a lot of visual interest, with articulation of the windows, balconies, porches and cornice lines. It looks three dimensional and unique, relating to the shape and slope of the site.
This January 1st was the official start of a new city-wide resolution – we will all be bringing our own bags to the store. This step forward in increasing awareness of what we are throwing away makes me think back to a talk given by my favorite preservation economist (what, you don’t have a favorite?). In our 2015 “Mightier Than a Wrecking Ball” conference Donovan Rypkema stated the following:
“Every time a little 2200 sf house…would have been rehabilitated instead of raized…that would have more environmental impact…then all of the plastic bags that 440 people would have used in their lifetime.”
Historic Salem, Incorporated (HSI) joins the Salem community in its concern over the Peabody Essex Museum’s (PEM) plans to remove the Phillips Library Collection and other historic collections to Rowley. We appreciate PEM's intent to improve conservation and safe storage. However, these papers, books and objects inform Salem’s unique local history as well as our national heritage and should be accessible to the public in a Salem location. We encourage the PEM to develop strategies to integrate the historic collections into programming and education, to tell of Salem’s extraordinary contribution to art, culture and science.
On behalf of Historic Salem, Inc. I want to thank the Salem community for supporting our holiday fundraiser, Christmas in Salem. The 38th annual holiday home tour hosted more than 2,100 tour guests who visited 10 private homes, each uniquely decorated for the holidays. The success of this tour supports Historic Salem’s mission to advocate for historic assets in our community while also highlighting the value of preservation.
The “City Sidewalks” theme for this year’s tour showcased homes in the McIntire District and in Downtown Salem. We even highlighted the history of downtown by offering lectures by Jim McAllister on Salem’s Urban Renewal. Most fittingly, tour headquarters was in Murray Hall at The Bridge at 211, one of the few buildings in this downtown neighborhood that remained standing after urban renewal.
Thanks to the sacrifice and generosity of our home owners, what a fabulous group of homes we were able to showcase once again this year! Special thanks also to the many guides and house captains who stewarded the homes during the tour. Their diligence in watching over these houses while also providing historic content and engaging with tour guests is a huge part of what makes this event so successful. Our decorators for all the homes did such a marvelous job. And, we also greatly appreciated the many musicians who donated their time and talent to perform in several of the homes. How festive!
Thanks as well to our tour headquarters host, The Bridge at 211, for providing a beautiful venue and being so accommodating. And, we extend our most sincere appreciation to our many partners who helped add to the excitement of the tour: Creative Salem, Destination Salem, Jim McAllister, Salem Arts Association, Salem Food Tours, Salem Historical Society, SalemVolunteers.org, Salem Wine Imports, and The Garden Club.
Importantly, this event wouldn’t be possible without the financial support of several local institutions, including Soucy Insurance, the Salem Waterfront Hotel & Suites, Salem Harbor Station, Eastern Bank Charitable Foundation, Cummings Architects, and Salem Five Charitable Foundation. And, we’re so appreciative of our office staff and the dedicated Christmas in Salem committee, chaired by Simeen Brown, who donate so much of their time and talents to ensure our tour is a success year after year.
Christmas in Salem is a spectacular way to kick off the holidays, see inside historic Salem homes, and spend time with friends and family enjoying Salem’s holiday season. Remember to join us again next year for our 39th Christmas in Salem, held from Friday, November 30 through Sunday, December 2. Learn more at christmasinsalem.org. There’s no better way to launch yourself into the holiday spirit!
Historic Salem, Inc.
Please join Historic Salem in supporting the Federal Historic Tax Credit.
There is a real possibility that the Historic Tax Credit will not be included in Federal Ways and Means Chairman Brady's tax reform bill expected to be released on November 1. The bill could go to the floor for a full House vote as early as November 6, giving House members three days to amend. Let’s make sure the historic tax credit is included in the legislation. Please join us in acting now to show Washington that historic preservation advocates strongly support of the historic tax credit’s track record for creating jobs, revitalizing historic communities, and preserving our history.
Why this matters:
The Historic Tax Credit (HTC) encourages private investment in the rehabilitation of historic buildings. The credit attracts private capital—$131 billion since inception—to revitalize often abandoned and underperforming properties that have a financing gap between what banks will lend and the total development cost of the transaction.
From a preservation standpoint this is obviously fantastic. HTC eligibility requires adherence to the Secretary of Interior Standards for Historic Rehabilitation as administered by the National Park Service. These rigorous standards mean the buildings will be brought back into use while also maintaining the historic features that make them unique and important.
But in addition, the Historic Tax Credit has real economic value:
In the past 30 years the rehabilitation of 42,293 historic buildings across the country has created more than 2.4 million jobs.
In addition to revitalizing communities and spurring economic growth, the HTC returns more to the Treasury than it costs. In fact, Treasury receives $1.20‐1.25 in tax revenue for every dollar invested. That means that for the $25.2 billion in federal tax credits granted, more than $29.8 billion in federal tax revenue has been collected from historic rehabilitation projects.
As local economic activity, historic rehabilitation greatly outperforms new construction in job creation. Rehabilitation project costs are on average 60 percent labor and 40 percent materials compared to new construction, which is about 40 percent labor and 60 percent materials. In addition to hiring local labor, historic rehabilitation materials are more likely to be purchased locally. As a result, approximately 75 percent of the economic benefits of these projects remain in the communities where these buildings are located.
What you can do:
The most effective way to advocate with our Federal representatives is through a phone call followed up with an email. Please see the directions and script below. Alternatively, you can click here to submit a letter through the National Trust for Historic Preservation website.
Script for Calling and E-mailing
➢ Legislators need to know that their constituents support inclusion of the Historic Tax Credit in the House and Senate tax reform bill. Below is a script you can use to when calling the Washington office as well as the district offices of both senators and your representative.
In Salem we are represented by:
Senator Elizabeth Warren
202-224-4543 Washington, DC
(617) 565-3170 Boston
Senator Ed Markey
202-224-2742 Washington, DC
Representative Seth Moulton
202-225-8020 Washington, DC
(978) 531-1669 Salem
21 Front Street
Salem, MA 01970
Step #1 Call your representatives and speak to their staff, or leave a message. Use the script below as a guide.
Step #2 Call their district offices and ask to speak to the District Director and use the same script as below.
Step #3 Finally, send an e-mail using a variation (so they don’t disregard your e-mail) of the Subject line: Historic Tax Credit-Tax Reform. Explain that you had called and ask that they communicate your concerns to your representative and two senators.
1. Introduce yourself
2. Say “I have been hearing about tax reform and I wanted to check in to see how the HTC is fairing. I am extremely concerned that is was not specifically mentioned in the tax reform framework.
3. Explain why you value Historic Tax Credits and that the redevelopment of historic buildings will not get done without the HTC. See top of this message for ideas.
4. Talk about recent projects and future projects that won’t happen without the HTC.
In Salem we have approximately 30 projects that have been undertaken using Historic Tax Credits. These include many affordable housing projects in the Point Neighborhood, The Salem Jail, The Merchant Hotel, 90 Washington Street (the old Smoke Shop building) and many more.
5. Ask…. “As Congress moves forward on tax reform, please ask the Member to be vocal in their support to the Senate Finance Committee Chair, Orrin Hatch, Chairman Brady of the House Ways and Means Committee and others on the committees -- to keep this important incentive that allows redevelopment of our most challenging but historically significant buildings.”
6. End the call with a request for a response – something like “Would you please let me know your boss’ position on the Historic Tax Credit after you’ve had a chance to present this information I’ve shared?”
Written by Emily Udy, Preservation Manager
At the heart of preservation is the desire to maintain the defining places of our community so that we can understand our place in the timeline of society. When we are engaged in preservation we are deciding what we want to survive into the next century, which is an awesome responsibility; one that belongs to us all.
As we look from past to future it is imperative to address how preservation supports sustainability and resiliency. These three goals are intrinsically tied together, and in fact, the Preservation movement is indebted to the Sustainability movement for their efforts to preserve our natural environment. Salem, like any city settled on the seashore, has a history tied to the water, and as a result many of our historic resources will face natural demolition as flood levels change and average daily tides move higher.
What’s Happening: On Thursday September 7 at 7:00pm at 120 Washington Street in the 3rd Floor conference room the Planning Board is holding a Public Hearing to review a proposed development for 18 Franklin Street (the former Ferris Auto Service property). The proposal is for 43 condo units in 5 buildings. Click here for the agenda.
Why This Matters: This is the furthest east property in the North River Canal Corridor (NRCC). It is the first of as many of seven properties near the intersection of North, Commercial and Franklin Streets that will be facing redevelopment in the next few years, and this project will set the expectation of quality to measure the other projects. As a waterfront development, this project has high visibility from downtown and the North River overpass and it will impact the historic North Salem neighborhood in which it sits.
Historic Salem Opinion: Development of this site is guided by the North River Canal Corridor master plan which sets specific goals for this Northeast area of the Corridor. These include low density housing in the scale of the surrounding neighborhood and improvements to pedestrian access along the North River, along both sides of Franklin Street, to the MBTA lot and at the intersection of North and Franklin Streets. We believe that achieving these goals will create a project that respects the neighborhood character.
What You Can Do: This is the first meeting for city permits for this project, and it is important that community input is heard early during the initial public comment period. Please consider attending the meeting with us or sending an opinion to the Planning Board by clicking here. Note that there will be a series of Planning Board, Design Review Board, and Conservation Commission meetings going forward to review this project
If this is your first planning board meeting (or you want a refresher) click here to read the guidelines of a Planning Board meeting.
After considering the arguments for and against the zoning change on Derby Street, the Planning Board voted 6 to 1 to not support rezoning until the Downtown Renewal District boundaries could also be expanded. Read the official decision here.
The Urban Renewal District, as administered by the Salem Redevelopment Authority, provides controls for demolition and design, which Historic Salem agrees is imperative for any B-5 zoning expansion.
Read the related Salem Matters advocacy alert here: Zoning changes proposed for Derby Street may impact historic fabric of neighborhood.
What’s Happening: On Wednesday, July 26 at 6:00 p.m. at 120 Washington Street, 3rd Floor Conference Room, there will be a joint meeting of the Design Review Board and the Salem Redevelopment Authority. The Design Review Board agenda includes continued discussion and vote to approve the schematic design for 65 Washington Street – the proposed new condominium development by Diamond Sinacori, LLC and Urban Spaces, LLC on the former Salem District Court site. Click here for the agenda.
Why This Matters: This is a very high impact project because of its size and location at the entrance corridor to the downtown. The project will tear-down the empty Salem District Court building at the corner of Federal and Washington Streets and build a new condominium complex. It will stretch almost an entire city block from Federal Street to Church Street, and will be one of the first large buildings seen when arriving downtown. It is important that the Design Review Board require quality design.
Historic Salem Opinion: An important part of our mission is to ensure that new development complements the historic character of the city. The quality of construction, as well as the design of this building, has been under significant scrutiny and criticism from the City as well as Historic Salem and residents of Salem. We are asking for pedestrian friendly street-level design (from both storefronts and parking areas) and details that compliment the neighborhood. It is important to speak up for a good design, materials, and scale for this project because once it is built, it is here to stay.
What You Can Do: Please consider attending the meeting with us on Wednesday, July 26th or e-mail an opinion to the Design Review Board directly.
We also have a Facebook conversation about good design in Salem, read what others think and let us know your thoughts.